Lying between latitudes 59° and 71° N, and longitudes 20° and 32° E, Finland is one of the world's northernmost countries. It is a country of thousands of lakes and islands. Much of the geography of Finland is explained by the Ice Age. The Forest covers 86% of the country's area, the largest forested area in Europe. It mostly consists of pine, spruce, birch and the most common type of rock is granite.
An important feature in Finland is the white night and the midnight sun. Because of Finland's location spanning around the Arctic Circle the nights near the midsummer day are short or non-existent. This gives a great contrast to the darkness of the winter time.